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The Architecture MasterPrize AMP honors designs in the disciplines of architecture, interior design, and landscape architecture with the goal of advancing the apprecation of architecture worldwide. For more information about Salesforce Transit Center Park, click here. To learn more about Glenstone Museum, click here. To learn more about Salesforce Transit Center Park, click here. The dome required careful design to accomodate the existing skytrain tracks and stay below the air traffic control tower's radar.
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At , square miles , sq km , and with more thanIt has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast. Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth-largest in the U. Dallas—Fort Worth and Greater Houston are, respectively, the fourth- and fifth-largest metropolitan statistical areas in the country. Other major cities include Austin , the second most populous state capital in the U. Texas is nicknamed the " Lone Star State " for its former status as an independent republic , and as a reminder of the state's struggle for independence from Mexico.
The "Lone Star" can be found on the Texas state flag and on the Texas state seal. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault , Texas contains diverse landscapes common to both the U. Southern and the Southwestern regions. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods , to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains of the Big Bend.
The term " six flags over Texas " refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. France held a short-lived colony. Mexico controlled the territory until when Texas won its independence, becoming the Republic of Texas.
In , Texas joined the union as the 28th state. After the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. Historically, four major industries shaped the Texas economy prior to World War II : cattle and bison, cotton, timber, and oil.
Civil War, the cattle industry—which Texas came to dominate—was a major economic driver for the state, and created the traditional image of the Texas cowboy. In the later 19th century, cotton and lumber grew to be major industries as the cattle industry became less lucrative.
It was ultimately, though, the discovery of major petroleum deposits Spindletop in particular that initiated an economic boom which became the driving force behind the economy for much of the 20th century. Texas developed a diversified economy and high tech industry during the midth century. As of , it is second in the United States with most Fortune company headquarters withTexas has led the U. If Texas were a sovereign state , it would have the 10th-largest economy in the world.
During Spanish colonial rule , in the 18th century, the area was known as Nuevas Filipinas ' New Philippines ' and Nuevo Reino de Filipinas 'New Kingdom of the Philippines' ,  or as provincia de los Tejas 'province of the Tejas ' ,  later also provincia de Texas or de Tejas , 'province of Texas'. Alternative etymologies of the name advanced in the late 19th century connected the Spanish teja 'rooftile', the plural tejas being used to designate indigenous Pueblo settlements.
Archaeologists have found that three major indigenous cultures lived in this territory, and reached their developmental peak before the first European contact. These were:  the Ancestral Puebloans from the upper Rio Grande region, centered west of Texas; the Mississippian culture , also known as Mound Builders , which extended along the Mississippi River Valley east of Texas; and the civilizations of Mesoamerica , centered south of Texas.
Influence of Teotihuacan in northern Mexico peaked around AD and declined over the 8th to 10th centuries. When Europeans arrived in the Texas region, several different cultures of Native peoples, divided into many smaller tribes, were living there. The Uto-Aztecan Puebloan peoples lived neared the Rio Grande in the western portion of the state, the Athabaskan-speaking Apache tribes lived throughout the interior, the Caddoans controlled much of the Red River region and the Atakapans were mostly centered along the Gulf Coast.
At least one tribe of Coahuiltecans, the Aranama , lived in southern Texas. This entire culture group, primarily centered in northeastern Mexico, is now extinct. It is difficult to say who lived in the northwestern region of the state originally. By the time the region came to be explored, it belonged to the fairly well-known Comanche, another Uto-Aztecan people who had transitioned into a powerful horse culture, but it is believed that they came later and did not live there during the 16th century.
It may have been claimed by several different peoples, including Uto-Aztecans, Athabaskans, or even Dhegihan Siouans. No culture was dominant in the present-day Texas region, and many peoples inhabited the area. The region was primarily controlled by the Spanish for the first couple centuries of contact, until the Texas Revolution.
They were not particularly kind to their native populations—even less so with the Caddoans, who were not trusted as their culture was split between the Spanish and the French. When the Spanish briefly managed to conquer the Louisiana colony, they decided to switch tactics and attempt being exceedingly friendly to the Indians, which they continued even after the French took back the colony.
After the Louisiana Purchase, the United States inherited this odd circumstance. The Caddoans preferred the company of Americans and almost the entire population of them migrated into the states of Louisiana and Arkansas.
The Spanish felt jilted after having spent so much time and effort and began trying to lure the Caddo back, even promising them more land. Seemingly without actually knowing how they came by it, the United States who had begun convincing tribes to self-segregate from whites by selling everything and moving west ever since they gained the Louisiana Purchase faced an overflow of native peoples in Missouri and Arkansas and were able to negotiate with the Caddoans to allow several displaced peoples to settle on unused lands in eastern Texas.
They included the Muscogee , Houma Choctaw , Lenape and Mingo Seneca , among others, who all came to view the Caddoans as saviors, making those peoples highly influential.
Whether a Native American tribe was friendly or warlike was critical to the fates of European explorers and settlers in that land. Warlike tribes made life difficult and dangerous for Europeans through their attacks and resistance to the newcomers. During the Texas Revolution, the U. Prior treaties with the Spanish forbade either side from militarizing its native population in any potential conflict between the two nations.
At that time, several sudden outbreaks of violence between Caddoans and Texans started to spread. The Caddoans were always clueless when questioned, The Texan and American authorities in the region could never find hard evidence linking them to it and often it was so far-flung from Caddoan lands, it barely made any sense. It seems most likely that these were false-flag attacks meant to start a cascading effect to force the natives under Caddoan influence into armed conflict without breaking any treaties—preferably on the side of the Spanish.
While no proof was found as to who the culprit was, those in charge of Texas at the time attempted multiple times to publicly blame and punish the Caddoans for the incidents with the U. Furthermore, the Caddoans never turned to violence because of it, excepting cases of self-defense. By the s, the U. Fearing retribution of other native peoples, Indian Agents all over the eastern U. This included the Caddoans of Louisiana and Arkansas. Following the Texas Revolution, the Texans chose to make peace with their Native peoples but did not honor former land claims or agreements.
This began the movement of Native populations north into what would become Indian Territory—modern-day Oklahoma. They went about with a firebrand, setting fire to the plains and timber so as to drive off the mosquitos, and also to get lizards and similar things which they eat, to come out of the soil. In the same manner they kill deer, encircling them with fires, and they do it also to deprive the animals of pasture, compelling them to go for food where the Indians want.
Two kinds of people travel around these plains with the cows; one is called Querechos and the others Teyas ; they are very well built, and painted, and are enemies of each other. They have no other settlement or location than comes from traveling around with the cows. They kill all of these they wish and tan the hides, with which they clothe themselves and make their tents, and they eat the flesh, sometimes even raw, and they also even drink the blood when thirsty.
The tents they make are like field tents, and they set them up over poles they have made for this purpose, which come together and are tied at the top, and when they go from one place to another they carry them on some dogs they have, of which they have many, and they load them with the tents and poles and other things, for the country is so level, as I said, that they can make use of these, because they carry the poles dragging along on the ground.
The sun is what they worship most. European powers ignored the area until accidentally settling there inIn Spanish authorities, concerned that France posed a competitive threat, constructed several missions in East Texas.
Hostile native tribes and distance from nearby Spanish colonies discouraged settlers from moving to the area. It was one of New Spain's least populated provinces. By the end of the 18th century only a few nomadic tribes had not converted to Christianity. When the United States purchased Louisiana from France in , American authorities insisted the agreement also included Texas. The boundary between New Spain and the United States was finally set at the Sabine River in , at what is now the border between Texas and Louisiana.
Several filibusters raised armies to invade the area west of the Sabine River. Hoping more settlers would reduce the near-constant Comanche raids, Mexican Texas liberalized its immigration policies to permit immigrants from outside Mexico and Spain. The first grant, to Moses Austin , was passed to his son Stephen F. Austin after his death. In , Texas had about 3, people, with most of Mexican descent. Early Texas settler David B.
Edwards described his fellow Texans as being "banished from the pleasures of life". Many immigrants openly flouted Mexican law, especially the prohibition against slavery. Combined with United States' attempts to purchase Texas, Mexican authorities decided in to prohibit continued immigration from the United States.
The Anahuac Disturbances in were the first open revolt against Mexican rule, and they coincided with a revolt in Mexico against the nation's president. Texians met at the Convention of to discuss requesting independent statehood, among other issues. Within Mexico, tensions continued between federalists and centralists. In early , wary Texians formed Committees of Correspondence and Safety.
News of the defeats sparked panic among Texas settlers. The newly elected Texian delegates to the Convention of quickly signed a declaration of independence on March 2, forming the Republic of Texas. After electing interim officers, the Convention disbanded. While Texas had won its independence, political battles raged between two factions of the new Republic. The nationalist faction, led by Mirabeau B. Lamar , advocated the continued independence of Texas, the expulsion of the Native Americans, and the expansion of the Republic to the Pacific Ocean.
Their opponents, led by Sam Houston, advocated the annexation of Texas to the United States and peaceful co-existence with Native Americans. The conflict between the factions was typified by an incident known as the Texas Archive War. This status, and Mexican diplomacy in support of its claims to the territory, also complicated Texas's ability to form foreign alliances and trade relationships.
The Comanche Indians furnished the main Native American opposition to the Texas Republic, manifested in multiple raids on settlements. The town of San Antonio was captured twice and Texans were defeated in battle in the Dawson massacre. Despite these successes, Mexico did not keep an occupying force in Texas, and the republic survived.
As early as , the Republic of Texas made several attempts to negotiate annexation with the United States. Texas was finally annexed when the expansionist James K.
Home Decor Ideas
Wild Weather Ride! Going for the Hummingbird Gold! Navigating Native Plants. Native Plants for Bees with Leslie Uppinghouse. Dandelion Day Recipe: the Wolff family. Mary and Gary Irish drought design border. Hummingbird Plants.
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A Southern Accents Christmas
Are you tired of looking at your yard not knowing where to begin? Let me give you 10 great reasons to call me for an educational landscape consultation. Plant selection: From full sun to full shade I know plants. Low water, low maintenance, native and adapted plants and trees are my specialty. I can also teach you how and when to trim. Outdoor living space: Allow me to create additional living spaces with clever solutions including stone options and installation details. Privacy: Have a neighbor you would prefer not to see, or a noise issue that makes being outside unpleasant? Let me show you some plant and design selections that can address your needs with style.
EDG Interior Architecture + Design- 15 Iconic Projects
It was recently updated again by Fuqua and Kincaid and featured here. But today we will revisit Christmas as enjoyed in this elegant, traditional Dallas home. As much as I love this home, the recent updates also by Cathy Kincaid and Wilson Fuqua are equally exquisite. Click here to see. And to see images taken from the real estate listing, click here.
Do you have a passion for native plants and natural landscaping?
5 Designer-Approved Lighting Ideas for a Perfect Fall Patio
Landscape style is as personal as the clothes you wear or the furniture in your home. A successful landscape should reflect your taste — from color and texture to function and comfort. Colors and shapes that appeal to you in your living room are sure to make you happy in the garden as well. Composition plays as important a role outside as inside. From formal to tropical to cottage, landscapes come in every shape and size.
Landscaper Referral List
We are currently in Beta version and updating this search on a regular basis. Text description provided by the architects. The Five Yard House is one in a series of century-old bungalows that constitutes one of the oldest remaining neighborhoods in Austin. When the owners, a retired couple, bought the house to be closer to downtown in a walkable neighborhood, the building was crumbling and abandoned. Despite its condition, the clients chose to preserve and restore the bungalow. Behind it, a modern addition arranged around a series of landscaped outdoor spaces gives new life to the site while preserving its heritage. The completed residence occupies the lot in a manner that fundamentally differs from that of the single-family homes that dominate American cities. In line with the Mediterranean and Latin American building traditions, the house was conceived as a series of solids and voids distributed across the lot, rather than as an object floating in the center.
encompasses the Italianate tradition of landscape design, to which much of Fleming's work studies in architecture at the University of Texas in Austin.
She collaborated with A Parallel Architects for the most effective and efficient approach to maximize the layout of the home. Treetop windows flood the space and the 8-foot ceilings with natural light, opening up the once dark outdated home. A palette of white and grays bring depth to the space, yet still keeps the space bright.
Kips Bay Decorator Show House Dallas Announces This Year’s Lineup of Designers and ArchitectsRELATED VIDEO: The Potted Boxwood: Beyond The Curb home tour with Dunbar Road Design
Along with beautiful displays, you will find friendly, experienced staff that knows the latest trends in the industry. Rochester Concrete Products is a third generation family business, with mortarless concrete manufacturing and construction expertise dating back toLike any road base installation, Crane Creek Asphalt employees form the foundation of our business. Services include concrete and paverstone driveway, sidewalks, patios, garage floors, excavating, and site work. We have been serving the Rochester area since and are committed to providing high-quality work for asphalt repairs, paving, and sealing.
The Show House opening day and evening celebration is Thursday, September 23, and opens to the public September 24 through October
Tweit Sep 4, Landscapes. G ardeners and plant enthusiasts have long turned to the U. Imagine a gardener who is moving from Houston to San Antonio; in planning their new garden, our hypothetical plant-lover checks the USDA map — which is based simply on average winter low temperatures — and discovers both places are in Zone 9a. Relieved, our gardener decides to plant some Houston favorites, including azaleas Rhododendron spp. Not so fast ….
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